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United Agro Foods. All Rights Reserved

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 Farming


FARMING

Corn should be planted at least 2 weeks after the last expected frost in your area. By this point, the soil should have warmed up enough.
Use a hoe and create rows approximately 2 inches deep and 3 feet apart. Sow the corn seed 6 inches apart in the row and cover with 2 inches of soil. Water the rows in well.

After the seedlings reach 2 inches tall, thin the plants to one every 12 inches. For those of you that don't know, thinning plants means selectively removing seedlings. Corn plants will take a bunch of water and nutrients from the soil during their life span. If the plants are growing too close together, problems may arise. The root systems will end up growing into each other. When plants have to battle each other for water and nutrients, they end up becoming stressed and rarely grow to full height or produce quality ears of corn. To solve this problem, seedlings are thinned to create adequate space between the plants. Thinning also allows you to selectively remove under-performing seedlings. To thin the plants, simply pull the seedlings to be removed out by the roots and toss them in your compost pile.

Watering Corn is Important!

If fact, watering corn is so important, it could make or break your crop! Corn plants need approximately 1 1/2 inches of water every week in order to thrive and reach their full potential. Drought conditions will result in stunted plants that are reluctant to produce full sized ears of corn. Because diseases are fairly rare, it's fine to water the tops of the plants as well as the roots. A standard lawn sprinkler will do the job just fine.
Watering corn is done best in the early morning hours. That way, the afternoon sun will evaporate any extra water that isn't absorbed into the soil. It will also eliminate water from sitting on the ears of corn, preventing the development of mildew.
It's better to give your corn crop one long soak per week if no rain falls, rather than several short watering sessions. The plants derive most of their water and nutrients through the root system. If too little water is applied per session, it won't reach the roots and your efforts will be wasted. Remember to take into account any rain that falls. Too much watering may also stunt the growth of the corn plants.

Harvesting Corn at the Right Time Will Result in Peak Flavor and Texture

The key to harvesting corn is timing. If you pick it too early, it won't reach maximum sweetness and might be too hard. If you wait too long, the kernels may be too tough and starchy.
There are several ways to tell if it's time to harvest corn. In general, the ears are ready to be picked 3 weeks after the silks first appear. The silks should be brown and dry. If the ear looks ready, peel back the husk just enough to see the top of the ear. Poke a kernel with your fingernail. A thin, white liquid will emerge if the corn is ready to be picked. If the liquid is clear, the ear is not ripe enough. If the liquid is thick, it may be slightly over-ripe. You can also taste a raw kernel. It should be very sweet and fairly firm. The kernels should fill out the ear, almost to the top. If the kernels don't reach the top of the ear, but all signs point to it being ripe and ready to eat, go ahead and harvest it anyway and cut off the top before serving.